Top Things to Consider for Navigating Dubai’s Legal and Regulatory Requirements for Businesses

How to Start a Business in Dubai: A Detailed Step-by-Step Legal Guide

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Dubai is one of the top global hubs for entrepreneurs and businesses. Its strategic location, world-class infrastructure, and extremely business-friendly government policies make Dubai an ideal base for companies looking to expand and grow internationally. 

However, like any region, Dubai too has its own specific laws and regulations for setting up and operating companies legally. This comprehensive guide explains exactly what is required for successfully registering and establishing a commercial business in Dubai in a completely legal and compliant manner.

Selecting the Right Business Structure

The first key step is deciding the right legal structure to establish the Dubai business under. There are three main options:

  • Mainland Company: Fully under UAE jurisdiction. Requires 51% local ownership with an Emirati partner. Can operate in Dubai as well as other UAE emirates.
  • Free Zone Company: 100% foreign ownership allowed. Restricted to operate only within that specific free zone. For example, companies in DAFZA, DIFC and DMCC. 
  • Offshore Company: Set up in jurisdictions like RAK or Ajman. Cannot do business inside UAE but trades internationally. Offers 0% taxes. 

Analyze key factors like proposed business activities, target markets, taxation policies, investor nationalities, profit/loss distribution to decide between the three entities:

Obtaining a Trade License 

Any business activity in Dubai requires a valid trade license from the Department of Economic Development (DED) for mainland companies or the respective Free Zone authorities.

  • Commercial License: For trading and ecommerce activities 
  • Professional License: For professional services like consulting/marketing
  • Industrial License: For manufacturing and production related businesses

Certain licenses mandate appointing a local service agent (sponsor) to represent the company.

Business Registration and Post-Licensing Procedures

After obtaining the trade license, companies must complete these crucial formalities:  

  • Official registration and certification from the DED or respective free zone authority 
  • Applying for employment residency visas as per license terms
  • Opening a corporate bank account    
  • Signing up for VAT, corporate taxes and other tax registrations
  • Renting suitable office premises 
  • Applying for electricity, water and other utility connections

Dubai companies have to adhere to all applicable federal and local laws including:

  • Taxes: Paying 5% VAT, income taxes, customs duties as per UAE tax laws 
  • Accounting Standards: Using IFRS guidelines for bookkeeping and financial reporting
  • Regulations: Data protection, anti-money laundering (AML) and other policies
  • Auditing: Appointing an external auditor within one year of founding

Once established, businesses must ensure continued compliance through:

  • Renewing trade licenses and visas annually
  • Submitting regular VAT and tax filings  
  • Maintaining accurate financial records
  • Appointing registered company secretaries
  • Following all Dubai municipality rules and regulations 

Staying legally compliant is vital for avoiding hefty fines or business closure.


While Dubai offers unmatched incentives, infrastructure and connectivity for global ventures, understanding the legal pathways for company establishment is critical. By selecting the optimal structure, obtaining licenses diligently, finishing registrations accurately and ensuring ongoing compliance through reliable partners, entrepreneurs can assure fully lawful and smooth operations in Dubai.


How long does registering a company in Dubai take?

It takes approximately 2-4 weeks to set up a mainland or free zone company in Dubai. Shelf companies can be acquired instantly.  

What are the yearly costs for renewing a Dubai business?

The key charges are license renewal fees (AED 15,000+ for mainland and AED 16,000+ for free zones), employee visa renewals, taxes, auditing and other overheads.

Can I have 100% ownership of my Dubai company?

Free zones and offshore jurisdictions allow 100% foreign ownership while mainland companies require a 51% local shareholder. However, mainland companies provide access to the wider UAE market.

Do all companies in Dubai need auditing?

Yes, having annual audited accounts is mandatory for all mainland and free zone companies in Dubai. The first audit must happen within 12 months of company registration.

Can I open multiple companies in Dubai with a single license?

Yes, with a holding company structure, you can open several subsidiary companies in different free zones and economic zones under one trade license.

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Pranav Modi

Mr. Pranav Modi, CA is supported by 12+ years of Consulting, Auditing and Accounting practice across diverse sectors.

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